Media and Public Opinion

Transitional justice, the perception of German politics in Poland (and vice versa) and of European Integration cannot be understood without including the role of the media and public opinion. Recent research has shown the influence of media on the emergence and development of euroscepticism and populism; some authors claim, that there even is a new form of politics: the "politics of fear", which tries to address feelings of insecurity and uncertainty, triggered by the evolution of popular media like private television channels and tabloid press. On the other hand, opinion polls demonstrate the influence societal moods, value shifts and popular judgments can have on policy choices of parties and governments and opposition parties, beginning from social reform agendas to foreign policy strategies and decisions about crisis intervention in foreign countries.

These are the issues we want to address in our media and public opinion program: which forms of transitional justice are the most legitimate in the eyes of antagonized groups, societies and nations? Where is the link between foreign policy and domestic value change? Are eurosceptic tendencies rooted in opposition to European Integration, or do they have deeper sources in social change, societal fears, historical experiences? How does - from the perspective of the media and public opinion - the past affect our perception of politics and how can we scientifically assess and measure legitimacy and reconciliation? How do structural changes in the media system affect foreign policy, internal conflicts, party alignment and voter behavior and what shapes those structural changes: the economy, value shifts, the interests of powerful investors or the media policies of governments?

„Efekt CNN" jest stosunkowo nowym terminem w naukach społecznych określający wpływ przekazu medialnego (a szczególnie telewizji i prasy) na podejmowane przez rządzących decyzje polityczne.

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